Feast of Dedication- Chanukah

The Story of Chanukah:
Judea was part of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt until 200 BCE when King Antiochus III the Great of Syria defeated King Ptolemy V Epiphanes of Egypt at the Battle of Panion. Judea became at that moment part of the Seleucid Empire of Syria. King Antiochus III the Great wanting to conciliate his new Jewish subjects guaranteed their right to “live according to their ancestral customs” and to continue to practice their religion in the Temple of Jerusalem. However in 175 BCE, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, the son of Antiochus III invaded Judea, ostensibly at the request of the sons of Tobias.[12] The Tobiads, who led the Hellenizing Jewish faction in Jerusalem, were expelled to Syria around 170 BCE when the high priest Onias and his pro-Egyptian faction wrested control from them. The exiled Tobiads lobbied Antiochus IV Epiphanes to recapture Jerusalem. As the ancient Jewish historian Flavius Josephus tells us “The king being thereto disposed beforehand, complied with them, and came upon the Jews with a great army, and took their city by force, and slew a great multitude of those that favored Ptolemy, and sent out his soldiers to plunder them without mercy. He also spoiled the temple, and put a stop to the constant practice of offering a daily sacrifice of expiation for three years and six months.” When the Second Temple in Jerusalem was looted and the services stopped, Judaism was effectively outlawed. In 167 BCE Antiochus ordered an altar to Zeus erected in the Temple. He banned circumcision and ordered pigs to be sacrificed at the altar of the temple.
Antiochus’s actions proved to be a major miscalculation as they were massively disobeyed and provoked a large-scale revolt. Mattathias, a Jewish priest, and his five sons Jochanan, Simeon, Eleazar, Jonathan, and Judah led a rebellion against Antiochus. Judah became known as Yehuda HaMakabi (“Judah the Hammer”). By 166 BCE Mattathias had died, and Judah took his place as leader. By 165 BCE the Jewish revolt against the Seleucid monarchy was successful. The Temple was liberated and rededicated. The festival of Hanukkah was instituted by Judah Maccabee and his brothers to celebrate this event. After recovering Jerusalem and the Temple, Judah ordered the Temple to be cleansed, a new altar to be built in place of the polluted one and new holy vessels to be made. According to the Talmud, olive oil was needed for the menorah in the Temple, which was required to burn throughout the night every night. But there was only enough oil to burn for one day, yet miraculously, it burned for eight days, the time needed to prepare a fresh supply of oil for the menorah. An eight day festival was declared by the Jewish sages to commemorate this miracle.
Definition:

Chanukah is Hebrew for dedication or rededication. This name was given for the festival because of the eight days it took to rededicate the altar and temple and make it holy and sanctified once again. In Exod. 29:37 / 2 Chron. 7:9 it states that it takes seven days for the altar to be consecrated and then it can be in use on the eighth day.


Yeshua Kept Chanukah: John 10:22-23 “And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication, and it was winter. And Yeshua walked in the temple in Solomon’s porch.”


Yeshua taught from the themes of Chanukah:
It was a tradition that the Chanukiahs would be lit and put in windows facing the streets and in doorways opposite the Mezuzahs so that the miracle of Chanukah would be broadcasted throughout all of the land wherever they were in the world. This light was not to be hidden. Listen to what Yeshua teaches about this:
Luke 11:33 “No man, when he hath lighted a candle, putteth [it] in a secret place, neither under a bushel, but on a candlestick, that they which come in may see the light.”
Matt. 5:14-16 “Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house. Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.”
Yeshua is the light of the world… John 8:12 “Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.” I thought Yeshua spoke in Matt. 5:14 that the disciples of Yeshua were the “light of the world?” John 9:5 “As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.”
Torah is light? Does scripture tell us that the Law or Torah is light in the darkness?
Pro 6:23 KJV – For the commandment [is] a lamp; and the law [is] light; and reproofs of instruction [are] the way of life:
Isa 8:20 KJV – To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, [it is] because [there is] no light in them.
Isa 51:4 KJV – Hearken unto me, my people; and give ear unto me, O my nation: for a law shall proceed from me, and I will make my judgment to rest for a light of the people.
Chanukah is a time of letting your light shine. It is also a time of rededication and a time to reprioritize your life to share the gospel and bring the light of Torah to the nations.
1 Corinth. 6:19 “What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost [which is] in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?”
We are not to be hidden or ashamed of the truth that is in us but just as the Chanukiah is lit and put in plain view for all to see, so are our lives supposed to be lived out for all to see. Maybe your light has been obscured by life’s challenges or perhaps unbelief has put a blanket over your light? Now is the time to Chanukah or rededicate your life to Messiah. 2 Cor. 4:4 “…the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Messiah, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.”
Don’t let HaSatan (the god of this age) put out the light that is in you. It’s time to let Yeshua who is the image of God to shine in you and draw others out of darkness. He was the light of the world when He was on the earth and now we are the light of the world because He is in us. This is why we need to have an answer for the hope or light that is in us. It is not us but it is HIM. This Chanukah let the shamash or the Helper candle (the Holy Spirit) light the fire again in us…brighter and hotter than ever before.
2 Cor. 4:6 “ For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to [give] the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Yeshua Messiah.”
1 Peter 2:9 “But ye [are] a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:”
8 ways to shine for Yeshua:

1. Dedicate or Rededicate your life to Yeshua as your Lord (Adonai) and Master. If you have walked away from him then confess with your mouth and Teshuv or return to him. He wants nothing more than to restore you to a loving relationship with the Father. Sin and uncleanness separates us from the Father but through repentance (Teshuvah) we return to our Father like the prodigal son and He covers us with a robe of righteousness (Yeshua’s blood) and a ring of authority (the seal of the Holy Spirit/Ruach HaKodesh).
2. Study to show yourself approved- Get to know the one who created you and loves you and desperately wants to reveal Himself to you. Like Adam in the Garden of Eden, the Father wants to walk in the garden in the coolness of the evening. The sages believed that it wasn’t the Yahweh Himself that walked with Adam but the Word of God (Devar Elohim) that Adam walked intimately with. Daniel 11:32 says that “them that know their God shall be strong and do great exploits” just like the Maccabees who rededicated the altar in the midst of tyranny.
3. Love your neighbor as yourself- The second greatest commandment is the one that draws men to the Father. Jhn 15:12-13 KJV – “This is my commandment, That ye love one another, as I have loved you. Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.” It is kindness that the Father uses to draw men to repentance. Be kind and remind. Let everything you do remind others of the love and kindness of the Father.
4. Give to the poor- Share of the blessing that God has given you. As freely as you have received, then freely give. You can’t “outgive” God. In fact, His promise is that the more you give you shall receive the same measure. It is a Torah commandment to give to the poor. Deu 15:11 KJV – “For the poor shall never cease out of the land: therefore I command thee, saying, Thou shalt open thine hand wide unto thy brother, to thy poor, and to thy needy, in thy land.”
5. Do not forsake the fatherless- Do you know someone that has a broken home? Being an orphan or fatherless doesn’t necessarily mean they have to live in an orphanage. How many children do you know that have a missing father through divorce or death? This is a great opportunity to be a role model and to help fill that gap in the home. Maybe it’s playing sports outside or watching a movie together. Maybe its inviting them to church or synagogue or to youth events or maybe having a weekly Bible study? Ask the Father how you can help!
6. Do not forsake the widow- Jam 1:27 KJV – “Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, [and] to keep himself unspotted from the world.” According to the Torah a brother-in-law would step in as husband and father if the husband of a wife died. In our society today this does not happen so in many cases widows are left broken, needy and lonely. Do you know of a family that lost a father in combat? Help them in their affliction. We are commandment to mourn with those who mourn and to laugh with those that laugh. Bring groceries or a cooked meal and be that listening friend with ears and arms wide open.
7. Stand in the evil day- In this day and age lawlessness abounds both in religious circles and outside religion. When it seems like everyone else is running in one direction to do evil be the one that stands against the grain. Though there may seem to be thousands of voices speaking blasphemies and swelling words against God and His Torah be the one that stands firm on the Rock of our Salvation (Yeshua). Pro 1:15-16 KJV – “My son, walk not thou in the way with them; refrain thy foot from their path:For their feet run to evil, and make haste to shed blood.”
8. Let your works shine before men- Mat 5:16 KJV – Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven. When we keep the commandments of God by faith we are demonstrating in a real and tangible way that our Father is real and working in and through us. Faith is the evidence of things unseen so when we give to the poor, help the widow and fatherless, keep the feasts, etc. we are declaring the unseen invisible God until He comes and that which is invisible will be visible. For ages men have turn their attention to idols which are images of unseen gods or mighty ones. Yeshua was the invisible word made flesh, the image of God. We today bare witness of the invisible God as Messiah is formed in us and the image of God is chiseled and crafted in our beings.
1Jo 1:1-7 KJV – That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life; (For the life was manifested, and we have seen [it], and bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal life, which was with the Father, and was manifested unto us;) That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly our fellowship [is] with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ. And these things write we unto you, that your joy may be full. This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all. If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth: But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.

Tu B’Shevat

Now that Chanukah has passed, it is time to look ahead to the next of the holidays on the calendar… Tu b’Shevat. [NOTE: Tu b’Shevat is not a commanded holiday.] and relaxing as a family in thankfulness of YHVH’s creation! Our family likes to celebrate being “grafted in” to the tree of Israel (Romans 11)! What a beautiful picture!

Although the feast does not have a scriptural mandate, it does have deep spiritual significance for us as followers of Yeshua. “I am the vine and you are the branches. If you abide in me you will bear much fruit. Apart from me you can do nothing. If anyone does not abide in me they are cast out as a branch and is withered, and they gather them and throw them into the fire and they are burned” (John 15: 5-6). Like the running sap of the fruit trees, His Spirit within in you may not always be visible to the naked eye, but He is there. His Spirit at work within you is the hope and promise of new life (resurrection!) and the down payment of the fruit harvest yet to come. Abide in the life-giving root, Yeshua our Messiah. He is a tree of life for all who will cling to Him!

Judaism has several different “new years.” It might sound like a foreign concept to us but in the United States, we do as well. We have the calendar year (January-December), the school year (September-June), and many businesses have fiscal years. It’s basically the same idea with the various Jewish new years.

On Tu B’Shevat (which is translated as “The 15th of Shevat”), it is customary to eat from the seven species for which the land of Israelis praised: “For the LORD thy God brings you into a good land, a land of brooks of water, of fountains and depths that spring out of valleys and hills; A land of wheat, and barley, and vines, and fig trees, and pomegranates; a land of oil olive, and honey; A land wherein you shall eat bread without scarceness, thou shall not lack any thing in it; a land whose stones are iron, and out of whose hills thou may dig brass. When you have eaten and are full, then you shall bless the LORD thy God for the good land which he hath given thee.”” (Devarim (Deuteronomy) 7:8-10)

Tu B’Shevat, in recent times, has become a Jewish Earth Day. It’s no longer just about the trees. It’s about sustainable agriculture, environmentalism, eco-green building, recycling, water conservation, reusing and freecycling, solar energy, organic diets, communing with nature, global warming, ozone depletion… and the list goes on. Regardless of what interpretation of the holiday is in vogue, the biblical phrase “When thou shalt besiege a city a long time, in making war against it to take it, thou shalt not destroy the trees thereof by forcing an axe against them: for thou mayest eat of them, and thou shalt not cut them down (for the tree of the field is man’s life) to employ them in the siege:” (Deuteronomy 20:19), ki ha’adam etz hasadeh (For the human is like the tree of the field) is at the core of Tu B’Shevat’s message.

May the taste of Israel’s fruit serve as a sweet reminder of the eternal fruit we have been created to bear in Yeshua.

Restoring the Way Ministries has put together a Tu b’Shevat Family Guide and Messianic Seder Book to enhance your celebration of Tu b’Shevat! It includes dozens of recipes, craft ideas, and activities for all ages. Click here to buy your copy today.

Have a fruitful Tu b’Shevat!

Joel and Julie Allen

Feast of Weeks- Shavuot or Pentecost

Pentecost/Shavuot/The Feast of Weeks

The Facts:
What do the Scriptures say about it?
Lev 23:16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.
Lev 23:17 Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LORD.
When is it?
Lev 23:15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete:

Lev 23:16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.

This calculation would be exactly 50 days from the day of First Fruits which is always the Sunday after the Passover.
What are we commanded to do?
1. Keep it Holy as a regular Sabbath, doing no servile work or the things associated with the seventh day Sabbath.
2. Have a holy convocation. This is a calling of the assembly or community of like-minded believers to assemble together and celebrate this Feast of Weeks. If no one is able to convocate then call together your own family or travel to where another group of believers are assembling and keeping this day Holy.
3. This is one of the three pilgrimmage feasts to where all the males of Israel are to come and present themselves before the LORD in Jerusalem.

Spiritual/Prophetic Significance-

The First Shavuot :
After the children of Israel were miraculously delivered from the bondage of slavery in Egypt they were led by the pillars of cloud and fire to Mount Sinai. It is there that Yahweh (THE LORD) delivered the 10 commandments and all of the Torah instructions to the people of Israel as a Ketuvah or marriage contract to accompany a sacred covenant between the nation of Israel and God Almighty. It is very important to note that this was a mixed multitude that came up out of Egypt and not only Israelites. Not everyone present were descendants of Jacob but everyone present were HEBREW. What do I mean? Abraham was not Jewish. That may surprise or shock you but Abraham was a Gentile who was called out of his former land into the land of Canaan. He was called a Hebrew which can be translated as “one who crossed over” or as a “sojourner, alien, nomad, or stranger.” So, this mixed multitude all crossed over the Red Sea and were wanderers and sojourners together at Mount Sinai. Before hearing the complete instructions the mixed multitude declared that they would do all that is commanded through Moses. Before the marriage could be consummated Yahweh tells Moses to go down to the people and stop their wickedness because they had built the golden calf, already committing spiritual adultery against the Almighty. The people were washed (Exo. 19:10-17) and made ready to meet God himself but the great sins they committed before the Mount caused a moment of great intimacy and impregnation of the Holy Ghost to be missed. The Law or Torah would remain in stone and not written on their hearts (Eze. 36:26,Jer. 31:33) . The Levites at this time rose up with Moses and slew 3,000 who partook of this great sin at the Mount and were selected to build and maintain the tabernacle and minister before the LORD. Had this great sin of adultery not occurred then there would have been a nation of priests but instead only the Levites would serve in the priesthood and in like manner the only way the presence of God would be among the people of Israel would be through the tabernacle and not in the temple of their flesh.

Something to think about:

Let’s take a look at the Hebrew word Echad. The Hebrew word Echad means “one or oneness.” It is how God describes himself in the Shema Passage in Deuteronomy 6:4 and it alludes to the great mysteries of how God’s plan of redemption will take place. It speaks of many becoming one or several parts being made whole. Let’s look at a few examples:
1. The union of a marriage- a man and a woman being one or echad. (Gen. 2:24)
2. The evening and the morning were one day or echad. Separate entities but consists of one unified day (Gen 1:5)
3. The waters were gathered into one place or echad. It doesn’t mean there was only one body of water but the bodies of water were gathered into their places so the dry ground could appear. (Gen. 1:9)
4. Jacob called his eleven sons echad even though they were many. (Gen. 32:22)
5. Joseph dreamed of the sun and moon and eleven stars and the word for stars is again echad. (Gen. 37:9)
6. In Nehemiah 7:66 the congregation was gathered “together” using the word echad showing the unification of many parts.
7. In Ezekiel 37:16-17 Ezekiel is to join two sticks symbolizing the house of Judah and the house of Ephraim and bind them together and make one or echad stick or house, the echad house of Israel.
I think you get the point. The word Echad can either mean singular as in one in number or it can mean a unification of one or more parts. You can read traces of it in the New Testament as well and start to see the whole picture being formed.
1. John 10:16 “And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.”
2. John 10:30 “I and my Father are one.
3. Eph 2:15 “Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace;”
4. John 17:22 “And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one:”
5. Acts 4:32-“And the multitude of them that believed were of one heart and of one soul.”
6. Romans 12:5 ““we, being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.”
This “oneness” is an example of Echad and brings us to the fulfillment of the New Covenant where sins are forgiven, the Torah is written on our hearts and there is a oneness in the spirit for those that are in the Messiah. Jew and Gentile, house of Judah and house of Ephraim are Echad in His hand through the power of the Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit).
The Second Shavuot:

The second Shavuot experience recorded in scripture is found in the book of Acts. Yeshua (Jesus) speaks to his disciples and speaks of the time he would leave them and ascend into heaven:
John 16:7 “Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter (Holy Spirit) will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.”
After the crucifixion of our Passover Lamb on Pesach, Yeshua’s body (symbolic of unleavened bread) was buried and rose again on First Fruits as the First fruits offering of the resurrection of the dead (Rev. 1:5). After his resurrection, Yeshua showed himself to the disciples and gave them final instructions before his ascension:
Luke 24:49 “And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high.”
The Greek word for tarry is kathezo which means to “sit down, set or appoint” or in other words to make a “set appointment.” What appointment? Remember that 50 days after his resurrection is the feast or “set appointment” of Shavuot. It is during this “set appointment” that the promise of the Father would come to fruition. Those that made this “set appointment” or feast would be “endued” with power from on high. The Greek word translated into English as endued is the word endyo which means to “be clothed or wrapped in” something. In other words, the Ruach Hakodesh which is the Comforter, the Gift from heaven and the promise of the Father would come and cloth those praying and worshipping at the Feast of Shavuot with power!
Acts 1:8 “But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.”
Isn’t that exciting! Why would we ever want to miss an appointment with God? Why would we want to get caught up with traditions and manmade routines and not expect the endyo of the power of God? This reminds me of the great Prophet Elijah that carried a mantle or cloak and did great things in the power of God. After Elijah was taken in a whirlwind into the heavens, Elisha received that same mantle or outer clothing that Elijah had and moved in a greater outpouring of the power of God. In like manner, Yeshua walked in the power of God and was given the Holy Spirit without measure and remarkably he states that we (those that receive the endyo of the H.S.) will do greater things in his name.
The disciples did just as Yeshua had instructed and were gathered together for a holy convocation during Shavuot, the feast of weeks and they were accompanied by many others, both Jews and Gentiles. They were in one accord or echad. This was a mixed multitude just as the First Shavuot at Mount Sinai. Just as Moses went up the mountain to receive the Torah and witness the engagement of the LORD and his bride, Yeshua ascended into the mountain of God in heaven, who was the living Torah and providing the second witness needed to consummate the marriage. It is then that Holy Spirit was sent to write the Torah or ketuvah on the hearts of the bride and impregnate them with the life-giving eternal Spirit of God. Just as Miriam (Mary) was impregnated by the Holy Spirit and gave birth to the physical Yeshua of Nazareth, the Bride of Christ is impregnated by the Holy Spirit to bring forth the image or Spirit of Messiah within us.
Galatians 4:19 “My little children, of whom I travail in birth again until Christ be formed in you,”
Shaul (Paul), the writer of the letter to the Galatians understood this principle. He also understood that the Bride of Christ would be many parts but be unified into ONE or echad Body of the Messiah. He writes to the assemblies in Rome that the body of Messiah has been given many different giftings but they are of the same LORD and they are collectively or corporately used to edify and build up the body of believers.
Romans 12:4-6 “For as we have many members in one body, and all members have not the same office: So we, being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another. Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us…”
And also in the book of Ephesians:
Ephesians 4:11-13 “And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ: Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ:”
Remember that the way God does things is in a certain pattern; first the natural and then the supernatural or spiritual. The mixed multitude at Mount Sinai received the commandments in stone and the physical tabernacle and priesthood. At Pentecost a mixed multitude received the Holy Ghost who wrote the Torah upon their hearts and made them kings and priests of the heavenly tabernacle with their own bodies as temples of the Ruach Hakodesh (1 Cor. 6:19).
1Corinth 15:46 “Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual.”
3,000 souls were slain at Mount Sinai by the Levites because of adulteress sin before Yahweh and in the same manner Simon Keefa (Peter) preached under the power of the Holy Spirit and 3,000 souls were added to the kingdom. First the natural and then the spiritual.
It is traditional for the scroll of Ruth to be read during Shavuot. Do you know why? The great grandmother of King David was Ruth the Moabitess. She came to know and love the God of her mother-in-law, Naomi. David’s royal line was not totally Jewish. There was a Gentile in it. Ruth married Boas, they had a son Obed, he had a son Jesse, and Jesse fathered King David. At the end of David’s line Yeshua the Messiah was born. Yes, the Messiah of Israel was from a line that had both Jew and Gentile converging at the empowerment of the Holy Spirit. During the feast of Shavuot the priest would present two barley loaves with leaven before the LORD. During Pentecost Yeshua presented and brought together two peoples both Jews and Gentiles. Both barley loaves had leaven (signified sin) and both Jews and Gentiles were born with a sin nature (Rom. 3:9). Both needed a Messiah to wash away sins and to bring into relationship with the Father. It is during this special set appointment that the middle wall of partition was removed between Jew and Gentile and the many member body of Messiah began to assemble. The gospel message would be preached to the Jew first and then the rest of the world would hear the message of salvation and come to know the Jewish Messiah as the lost sheep of Israel are ingathered and restored.
1 Corinthians 12:13 “For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.”

Feast of Tabernacles- Sukkot

The Feast of Tabernacles/Sukkot/Feast of Booths/Feast of Ingathering

The Facts:
What do the Scriptures say about it?
Lev 23:34 “Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto YHVH.”
Lev 23:35 “On the first day shall be an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.”
Lev 23:36 “Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto YHVH: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto YHVH: it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein.”
Lev 23:39 “Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath.”
Lev 23:40 “And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days.”
Lev 23:42 “ Ye shall dwell in booths seven days…”
Deu 16:13 “Thou shalt observe the feast of tabernacles seven days, after that thou hast gathered in thy corn and thy wine:”
Deu 16:14 “And thou shalt rejoice in thy feast, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite, the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are within thy gates.”
When is it?
Lev 23:34 “Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, the fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto YHVH.”
What are we commanded to do?
1. Keep it Holy as a regular Sabbath, doing no servile work or the things associated with the seventh day Sabbath on the first day and the eighth day of the feast.
2. Keep it at its time and season on the fifteenth day of the seventh month.
3. Have a holy convocation on the first day of the feast and on the eighth day of the feast. This is a calling of the assembly or community of like-minded believers to assemble together and celebrate Tabernacles. If no one is able to convocate then call together your own family or travel to where another group of believers are assembling and keeping this day Holy or set apart.
4. We are to build “booths or sukkahs” out of various branches mentioned in Lev. 23:40. We are to dwell in booths or tents for seven days and rejoice before YHVH. This is one of the pilgrimage feasts where all of the males have to appear in Jerusalem before the Lord.


Spiritual/Prophetic Significance:


Sukkot is significant of many things:
1. The Israelites were led through the wilderness, being delivered from the bondage of Egypt and dwelt in booths and tents. YHVH provided everything they needed and protected them throughout their wanderings.
2. Yeshua is believed to have been born on the first day of Sukkot (not on December 25th) and was the Word made flesh and dwelt (tabernacle/sukkoted) among us and was circumcised according to the covenant of Abraham on the eighth day (Hoshana Rabbah).
3. Sukkot could also speak of a future exodus out of Babylon as scattered Israel and those nations that are grafted in journey through the Great Wilderness of the Tribulation and ultimately tabernacle with the Messiah in the New Jerusalem for 1,000 years.
The Messiah in Sukkot-
Bible scholars believe that it was during the feast of Sukkot that Yeshua the Messiah was born upon this earth. Specifically, the first day of Sukkot the Son of God put on temporary flesh and dwelt among men. John the disciple alluded to this fact when he wrote where the Messiah came from. Matthew starts out showing the lineage of Joseph, while Luke eludes to the lineage of Miriam (Mary) through the family connection of Zechariah and Elizabeth but John spoke of the Heavenly DNA, linking Yeshua of Nazareth with the Word of God.
John 1:1-2,14 “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God…And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us…” The word used for dwelt in this passage literally means “tabernacled.” The feast of Sukkot is a 7 day feast with a special 8th day observance called Hoshana Rabba (the last great day or the last great praise) and Yeshua was circumcised on this 8th day (of the feast) and it is recorded in Luke 2:21.
Later on in the life of Yeshua we see another mention of Sukkot and it is a powerful demonstrative teaching that causes much stir in the temple ceremonies. It is during the Feast of Sukkot that a temple ritual would take place called the water libation ceremony. A priest was dispatched from the temple mount out through the southern steps down to the pool of shiloach (which means sent) and the priest fills a vessel with water and returns up the steps into the temple. This is the only time that water (mixed with a little wine) is placed upon the altar. As water is poured out down one side of a trough that led down to the altar, wine was poured down another trough leading to the altar and together they would meet together on the altar that was red hot at this point. As the mixture of wine and water splashed upon the altar it hissed and steamed as everyone huddled around praying for rain in the coming season, praying for the Messiah to come and the indwelling of the Ruach Hakodesh (Holy Spirit). It is at this moment that Yeshua stood up and proclaimed, “If anyone is thirsty, let him keep coming to me and drinking! Whoever puts his trust in me, as the Scripture says, rivers of living water will flow from his inmost being!'” (John 7:37-38). It is at this moment that everyone started putting together the pieces of the puzzle. The waters carried up from the pool of shiloach were called the “waters of salvation” or quite literally the waters of yeshua. Here they have the Messiah who was named yeshua which meant salvation and he stands at this moment and makes this claim as the mixture of wine and water, which symbolized the blood and water that flowed from his side was spilled upon the altar. Some argued with him and some believed while others pondered these things further. On Hoshana Rabbah, the last day of the feast four 75 foot tall Menorahs were lit in the temple courts and Yeshua continued his teaching by using the symbolism of the bright lights around him:
John 8:12 “”I am the light of the world: whoever follows me will never walk in darkness but will have the light which gives life.”
The Feast of Ingathering-
Another name given in scripture for the feast of Sukkot is the feast of Ingathering and also the feast of harvest. This is the end of the year in the fall when the fruit harvest was being collected. Three times a year males are to go up and pilgrimage to Jerusalem to keep the three “harvest feasts.” They are not to be empty handed because they are to produce the firstfruits of their harvest as tithes to the LORD. The first harvest feast is Passover which is the barley harvest. The second harvest feast is Shavuot (Pentecost) which is the wheat harvest and the third harvest feast is Sukkot for the fruit harvest. Notice that there are three harvest feasts to report to Jerusalem and there are three resurrections recorded in scripture.
1. When Yeshua raised from the dead and those that raised with him called the firstfruits of the resurrection (Matt. 27:53, 1 Cor. 15:20,23).
2. The “first resurrection” or the resurrection of the just (Luke 14:14) before the millennial reign of the Messiah (Rev. 20:4-6).
3. The “second resurrection” after the millennial reign of the Messiah (Rev. 20:12) which has been titled the Great White Throne Judgment by many teachers.
It is interesting to note that these were pilgrimage feasts symbolizing the resurrections into the Kingdom of Heaven or the New Jerusalem. It is also symbolized in scripture in various places as being the reaping of the harvest.
Exodus 23:16 “And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, which is in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field.”
Mark 4:29 “But when the fruit is brought forth, immediately he putteth in the sickle, because the harvest is come.”
Revelation 14:15 “And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to him that sat on the cloud, Thrust in thy sickle, and reap: for the time is come for thee to reap; for the harvest of the earth is ripe.”
Remember that the “first resurrection” is called up at the feast of Trumpets (Yom Teruah) and those that are Atoned for under the blood of Yeshua (Yom Kippur) will be gathered together and made priests and judges in the Millennial kingdom, while tabernacling with the Messiah for 1,000 years.
Isaiah 27:12-13 “And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall beat off from the channel of the river unto the stream of Egypt, and ye shall be gathered one by one, O ye children of Israel. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the great trumpet shall be blown, and they shall come which were ready to perish in the land of Assyria, and the outcasts in the land of Egypt, and shall worship the LORD in the holy mount at Jerusalem.”
Zechariah 14:9 “And the LORD shall be king over all the earth: in that day (the millennium of the Lord) shall there be one LORD, and his name one.”
What will the Messiah Yeshua be doing during the Millennial reign over the Earth?
Micah 4:2 “And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, and to the house of the God of Jacob; and HE (the Mashiach) will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the law (Torah) shall go forth of Zion, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.”
Isaiah 2:3 says the exact same thing. HE, the Messiah, will teach us His ways. I doubt Yeshua will be teaching replacement theology or modern church doctrine that speaks against the Torah and the feasts of the LORD. There will still be Gentiles or nations outside of the New Jerusalem that will be required to go up and keep the feast of Tabernacles or Sukkot or they will face famines and plagues as punishment. Does this sound like modern Christian doctrine? This is not a matter of liberty or grace but a righteous requirement. This isn’t the “well I don’t fully understand this feast stuff so God understands my heart and will be ok with it.” Read for yourself! The scriptures speak it clearly and overwhelmingly, leaving no shadow of doubt or question.
Zechariah 14:11,16-18 “And men shall dwell in it, and there shall be no more utter destruction; but Jerusalem shall be safely inhabited… And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles… And it shall be, that whoso will not come up of all the families of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, even upon them shall be no rain… the LORD will smite the heathen that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles… and the punishment of all nations that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.”

 

 

Day of Atonement- Yom Kippur

Yom Kippur- Day of Atonement, Day of Judgment

The Facts:
What do the Scriptures say about it?
Lev 16:29 And this shall be a statute for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger that sojourneth among you:
Lev 16:30 For on that day shall the priest make an atonement for you, to cleanse you, that ye may be clean from all your sins before YHVH.
Lev 16:31 It shall be a sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a statute forever.
Lev 23:27 Also on the tenth [day] of this seventh month [there shall be] a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto YHVH.
Lev 23:28 And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before YHVH your Elohim.

When is it?
Lev 16:29 … “the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month …”
What are we commanded to do?
1. Keep it Holy as a regular Sabbath, doing no servile work or the things associated with the seventh day Sabbath.
2. Have a holy convocation. This is a calling of the assembly or community of like-minded believers to assemble together and celebrate this Day of Atonement. If no one is able to convocate then call together your own family or travel to where another group of believers are assembling and keeping this day Holy.
3. This is a day for “afflicting your souls.” This should be a day that your heart is poured out to YHVH and your thoughts are continuously on Him and how to correct wrongs that you have committed and praying for repentance from all of your sins and transgressions. The Hebrew word for soul is “NeFeSH” which can have the meaning of “appetite.” That is why we fast from food and sometimes drinks as well to “afflict our appetites” and committing the entire day to sole devotion to YHVH and his Torah and how we can walk in it more fully.
Beware the Leaven of the Pharisees:
Some Rabbis of old have added certain requirements to the Day of Atonement that involved such things as not wearing shoes on this day and putting on sackcloth and spreading ashes on their heads as an outward sign of mourning. There is certainly nothing wrong with doing these things on Yom Kippur but the scriptures clearly warn against doing things on the outside as symbol without actually repenting and changing the heart.
Joel 2:12-13 “Therefore also now, says YHVH, turn you even to me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning: (13) And rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto YHVH your Elohim: for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repents him of the evil.
Spiritual/Prophetic Significance-

Yom Kippur is significant of many things:
1. We will be judged for all of what we have done on the Earth. We will all have to stand before the judgment throne of the Lord and give an account for what we have done or didn’t do.
2. The Messiah Yeshua came and was our “scapegoat” (Lev. 16:10), who was led into the wilderness and died by the hand of a gentile (Lev. 16:21/Pilate). He was and is our atonement sacrifice so that our sins are made clean and we are able to enter into the Kingdom of Heaven.
3. Messiah Yeshua was our high priest according to the order of Melchizadek (Heb. 6:20) who freely laid down His own life (John 10:15) on the altar to save his people from their sins. (Matt. 1:21)
Lev. 16:21 “And Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat, and shall send him away by the hand of a fit man into the wilderness:”